The document aroused great hostility to Leopold in Belgian and Allied political circles; the King's recommendations threatened the interests of many powerful groups. Since it undoubtedly helped to unite his enemies in an implacable coalition, leading, eventually, to his downfall, the letter appears, at first sight, to have been a fatal political error. It may be, however, that Leopold anticipated that the Belgian and Allied political circles which had calumniated him in 1940, by accusing him of collaboration with the Nazis, would, in any case, continue to attack him, and would inevitably take advantage of his absence from Belgium at the moment of liberation to try to prevent his return to the throne. There was also the possibility, which Leopold is known to have envisaged, that he would be killed by the Nazis as a vindictive measure on Hitler's part. Perhaps, Leopold sought to ensure, by means of the letter, that the Belgians, in the post-war period, would have the benefit of his guidance, whatever his own fate; it might be the King's last chance to address his people.
I will be posting on the different sections of the "Political Testament." The entire document can be found in the appendices of Leopold's memoirs, Pour l'Histoire, sur quelques épisodes de mon règne (2001) and in Léopold III (2001), a biography of the King with contributions by Michel Dumoulin, Vincent Dujardin, Mark van den Wijngaert, and other historians.